Day of the Dead or El Dia de los Muertos is a popular tradition in Mexico and
other Latin countries since the pre-Columbian times.. It celebrates the reunion
of dead relatives with their families. It is believed that the spirit of the dead
visit their families on October 31 and leave on November 2. It is believed that
the spirit of the dead visit their families on October 31 and leave on November
2. This all stems from the ancient indigenous peoples of Mexico (Purepecha, Nahua,
Totonac and Otomí) who believed that the souls of the dead return each
year to visit with their living relatives - to eat, drink and be merry. Just like
they did when they were living. Mexicans welcome the dead by preparing special
foods in honor of those who have departed and placing them on altars along with
food such as pan de muertos baked usually in the shapes of skulls. On this day
the Mexican streets near the cemeteries spills over with festivities and decorations
of papel picado, candy calveras (skulls and skeletons) flowers and parades.
may sound weird but for the Mexicans "death" and "festivities"
go hand in hand. For someone alien to the culture, it may be difficult to grasp
the concept, but the fact is that the Mexicans react to death with mourning tinged
with happiness and joy. They believe in the life - death - rebirth continuum and
its quite natural for them. The difference in the way the Mexicans look at death
owes to the fact that they have learnt to accept it as an inevitable and inescapable
end top life. Therefore, instead of regarding death as a relentless force beyond
human comprehension and living in constant fear of it, they take it in good humor.
to the current practice, the Mexicans remember the deceased children on All Saint's
Day (November 1st). Their graves are adorned with toys and colorful balloons on
this day. The next day, i.e the All Souls Day is the day to fondly remember the
deceased adult members of the family. Their favorite food and drink, their personal
belongings and an embellished altar build in their name are used to honor them.
Candles are lit, the ancient incense copal is burned, prayers and chants for the
dead are intoned and then food and drinks are consumed in a party or picnic-like
atmosphere. At about sunset, the bells begin to ring summoning the dead. The bells
are kept ringing throughout the night. At sunrise, the ringing stops and those
relatives who have kept the night-long vigil, go home.
are various symbols associated with the celebration of Dia de los Muertos. They
include the elaborately decorated pan de muerto, a rich coffee cake decorated
with meringues to make it appear like bones, skull-shaped sweets and candies, papier
maché skeletons and skulls and marizpan death figures. These macabre symbols
and other similar items flood the shops by mid-October.
are folktales believed and told that say the dead spirits will get revenge on
the living if they get poor treatment during these days each year. Leaving nothing
(or inferior gifts) on the altar causes the spirits to be angry or sad. These
superstitions inspire many people to participate in this holiday celebration for
this very reason.
Death is literally mocked at
by the Mexicans. La calaca (the skeleton), la flaca ("skinny"), la pelona
("baldy") and la huesada ("bony") are some of the common derogatory
adjectives they use for death. Their are also songs, poems and refrains associated
with the Day of the Dead. Calaveras (skulls) are decorated with bright colors
with the name of the departed inscribed on the head. Children carrying yellow
marigolds enjoy the processions to the cemetery.
most spectacular celebrations of the Day of the Dead celebrations take place on
the island of Janitzio in Lago de Pátzcuaro. Here, at the crack of dawn
(on November 1st) the Purepechan Indians initiate the festivities with a ceremonial
duck hunt. At midnight, the cooked duck and other edibles are brought to the cemetery
in the flickering light of thousands of candles. The praying woman and the chanting
men make a wonderful spectacle in the candle-lit chilly night. In the nearby towns
of Tzintzuntzan (the ancient capital of the Purepechan people), Erongarícuaro
and Jaráuaro, other ceremonies also take place. Oaxaca, Patzcuaro (Michaocan),Huejutla
(State of Hidalgo), Chiapa de Corzo (Chiapas), Jesús María (Nayarit),
Míxquic (Federal District) and even Tecate (Baja California) are some other
Mexican cities that celebrate the day with great gusto.
is part of life and is representative of the Mexican spirit and tradition which
says: "Don't take anything lying down - even death!"