As the first Prime Minister
of India, on August 15, 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the first
Independence Day speech to the nation and the world. The tradition of
making an Independence Day address continues to this day, with each Indian
Prime Minister making an address to the nation from Red Fort, New Delhi on
the eve of Independence Day every year. Read the Indian Prime Minister Atal
Bihari Vajpayee's address to the nation(translated in English) from Red
Fort, New Delhi on August 15, 2003.
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spirit of Indian freedom. Happy Independence Day!
Independence Day Address
By the Prime Minister of
August 15, 2003
My hearty greetings to all of you on the sacred occasion of our Independence
Each year on this day, we gather at the Red Fort and unfurl our beloved
Tricolor. The Tricolor is a symbol of our freedom, of our self-respect, and of
sacrifices and martyrdom.
People belonging to the older generations would certainly remember the time
when young boys and girls would form themselves into small groups, take the
flag in their hands, and go around villages and city streets singing, Vijayi
Vishwa Tiranga Pyara, Jhanda Uncha Rahe Hamara. (May our beloved and victorious
Tricolor fly high in the world.)
Today we bow our heads in homage to the memory of all the leaders, fighters,
and martyrs of our Freedom Struggle.
My greetings to all the jawans of the three Armed Forces and to the security
personnel. We gratefully remember those brave soldiers who laid down their
lives while guarding our frontiers or in the battle against terrorism.
This year the festival of freedom has arrived bringing the message of good
rains in most parts of the country. We hope that the areas, which have not yet
received adequate rainfall, would do so.
The last year went by in grappling with the crisis of drought. We assisted all
the drought-hit areas to the fullest extent, sent adequate foodgrains there,
and ensured that there was no hunger anywhere. We also took care of the mute
Felicitations to our farmers, who with their hard work, have filled the
granaries in the country.
Felicitations to our industrious workers, skilled managers, and far-sighted
businessmen, whose successes have attracted the attention of the entire world.
Today, India’s economy has grown to be the fourth largest in the world.
Greetings to all scientists, teachers, litterateurs, artistes, and to dear
Felicitations to all the people of Indian origin living abroad. They have made
a remarkable contribution to raising India’s stature in the world. We are proud
Today, we offer our salutations to Mother India, whose children we all are.
Whatever be our religion, caste, region, or language, we all are one. This
unity is our strength.
We should cherish the diversity that underpins this unity. But we must, under
all circumstances and at any cost, keep our national unity and integrity
intact. This is the most important message of Independence Day.
Sisters and brothers, this is the sixth consecutive time that I have been
speaking to you from the ramparts of this historic Red Fort. This has been
possible only because of your affection and support.
The dream of India as a great nation, which we had seen during the Freedom
Struggle, continues to inspire us even today. To some extent, this dream has
been realized. Yet, a lot more remains to be accomplished.
Despite all the hardships, and braving all the challenges in these fifty-six
years, India is standing in the world with her head held high.
The nation’s security is supreme to us. India cannot be dependent on others for
her security. Therefore, the first act of my Government five years ago was to
make India, for her self-defence, a nuclear weapons state.
The world is changing. New challenges are emerging before us. We have to make
India stronger both economically and socially.
In the past five years, India’s prestige in the world has gone up, thanks to
our pro-active foreign policy. The international community’s way of looking at
us has undergone a big change. The world is now recognizing India:
· As the world’s largest democracy;
· As an emerging global economic power;
· As the confluence of a modern nation and an ancient civilization;
· As a powerful country, dedicated to the ideal of peace.
Sisters and brothers, it is our policy to establish friendly and cooperative
relations with all our neighbors. We believe in resolving all disputes
peacefully. Our frequent initiatives to normalize relations with Pakistan are
not a sign of our weakness; rather, they are an indication of our commitment to
In recent months, there has been some progress in normalizing relations with
Pakistan. Nevertheless, terrorist activities are still continuing. The test of
our neighbour’s sincerity lies in whether he is prepared to stop cross-border
We hope that Pakistan abjures its anti-India outlook. The people of both
countries wish to live in peace.
I have been telling our Pakistani friends that we have spent fifty years
fighting. How much more blood is yet to be spilt? The two of us need to fight
against poverty, against unemployment, and against backwardness.
We should increase trade and economic links between our two countries. When we
share a two thousand kilometer long border, it makes no sense for us to trade
via a third country.
Let people travel to and fro. Let more and more elected representatives visit
each other’s country. Let us expand bilateral cultural relations.
Let us open some new doors, new windows, and new light-holes in the walls that
The love that the two-year-old girl Noor from Lahore received in India carries
a message, which our friends in Pakistan should understand.
On the occasion of Independence Day of both our countries, I invite Pakistan to
walk together with India on the road to peace. This road is decidedly bumpy.
There are even mines strewn along this path. Yet, once we start walking, we
will find the hurdles getting out of our way.
I had gone to Srinagar a few months back. I’m going there again at the end of
this month. The atmosphere there is changing.
Last year, from the ramparts of this very Red Fort, I had declared that
elections in the State would be held on time, and that they would be free and
fair. Not everybody believed in it then. But, we fulfilled our promise.
The free elections there have yet again demonstrated the fact that the people
of Kashmir have rebuffed terrorism from across the border.
The people of Jammu, Kashmir and Ladakh have faith in democracy. They want
peace. They would like to see happiness return to their lives.
Those people who, while talking about Kashmir, advocate the right to
self-determination, wish to divide India on communal lines for the second time.
They will not be allowed to succeed in this.
This year, more than one lakh tourists went to Kashmir. There was a large
turnout of pilgrims going on the Amarnath yatra. Nearly six thousand students
from different parts of India are today studying in Kashmir. Next week, we
shall launch mobile telephone services in the State.
The knotty issues in Jammu and Kashmir can be unraveled only through dialogue.
We shall take forward the efforts that have been initiated in this direction.
People who have been uprooted have to be resettled in their homes.
Dear Countrymen, the progress that India has made in recent years has given me
new hope and confidence.
· An India, which was used to borrowing from abroad has started lending to
· An India that was perennially troubled by a paucity of foreign exchange, has
today accumulated nearly US $ 100 billion of foreign exchange reserves.
· The prices of essential commodities are under control. There is no shortage
of anything in the market.
· Poverty is declining. It is our resolve to eradicate it faster.
There are no waiting lists now for telephone or gas connections. The number of
mobile phone users has gone up from 8 lakh to 1.5 crores. In the coming year,
1.5 crore more mobile customers will be added.
We are all aware of the poor condition of our roads. Even fifty years after
Independence, there were nearly two lakh villages, which were unconnected by
proper roads. For the first time, the Centre has started the Pradhan Mantri
Gram Sadak Yojana to connect them with good roads.
In the first five decades of Independence, only 550 kilometers of four-lane
highways were built. In other words, only 11 kilometers a year. Now, we will
build 24,000 kilometers of highways at the rate of 11 kilometers a day.
The Rs. 54,000-crore National Highways Development Project is progressing
rapidly. Three lakh people are working on it everyday. Next year, this number
will go up to six lakh per day.
Lakhs of young Indians have got attractive employment in the field of
computers. Sitting in our cities, they are providing services to hospitals,
factories, and offices in various countries. Software exports have zoomed from
Rs. 8,000 crore to nearly Rs. 50,000 crore.
Our country is now ready to fly high in the field of science. I am pleased to
announce that India will send her own spacecraft to the moon by 2008. It is
being named Chandrayaan I.
We have increased the amount of lending to agriculture and related sectors.
Interest rates have been reduced. We shall soon constitute a National Kisan
Commission to encourage new experiments in farming, promote investments in
agriculture, and study the various problems faced by our farmers.
The Green Revolution and the White Revolution of previous decades have imparted
much strength to Indian agriculture. Now India needs a new revolution – the
Food Chain Revolution. Its aim is to achieve a doubling of the average income
of the Indian farmer by 2010. An important part of this revolution is to reduce
wastage of foodgrains, fruits and vegetables worth thousands of crores each
Based on the success of Kisan Credit Cards, we have decided to provide credit
card facility to all eligible artisans, weavers, and fishermen. The rate of
interest on loans given to them will be reduced to 9 percent a year. A
contributory insurance scheme will also be started for their benefit.
Under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana, 1.5 crore poorest families in the country are
being given 35 kilos of foodgrains each month at the rate of Rs. 2 a kilo of
wheat and Rs. 3 a kilo of rice. Never before were foodgrains provided at such
cheap prices. This is the largest food security program in the world.
With the launch of the Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, no child, especially the girl
child, will be deprived of primary education. To implement this program
effectively, 2.5 lakh new teachers will be appointed this year itself.
The Mid-Day Meal Scheme for children up to class five is going on in some
States. Now, we have decided to run it throughout the country. Later, this will
be extended to students up to class ten. This National Program will be known as
"Akshaypatra". I appeal to voluntary organizations, religious establishments
and women’s self-help groups to come forward to implement this program in an
I know what people in under-developed States have to suffer due to the lack of
good hospital services there. Therefore, under the Pradhan Mantri Swasthya
Suraksha Yojana, six new hospitals with modern facilities, like those available
at AIIMS in Delhi, will be established in backward States in the next three
Friends, for decades a debate was going on about a project to link our rivers,
as a way of freeing India from the curse of floods and droughts. Now we have
taken up this challenge. I am pleased to inform you that work on two
river-linking projects, with the cooperation of State Governments, will be
taken up before the end of this year. We will mobilize necessary resources for
Never before had housing construction taken place at the kind of speed
witnessed in the past five years. Never before were housing loans available at
such low rates as now. Lakhs of people have got employment in the housing
India has limitless potential in tourism. Take the case of this historic Red
Fort itself. It has been taken up for comprehensive restoration for the very
first time in its 350 years. I can see that a beautiful garden is coming up in
the ground in front of me. It can be befittingly called the "August 15 Park".
I would like you too to emulate this example by undertaking such beautiful
projects for the conservation of heritage in your own village or town.
The over-riding objective of our policy of economic reforms is just this: We
want to create a dynamic economy that not only succeeds against global
competition, but is also caring and compassionate towards the poor and the
We express our condolences for those who have become victims of untimely death
in recent mishaps and natural calamities.
Sisters and brothers, the hands of young Indians are today scripting India’s
bright future. An ancient nation with a history of several thousand years has
once again become a Young Nation and is all set to create a new history.
Today, in this nation of a 100 crore people, 60 crore are less than thirty
years old. This generation is better educated than any generation in the past,
and more ambitious than any generation in the past. It is a generation that has
made up its mind not to fall behind anyone in the world in this age of
Today, the doors of opportunity are opening up for our young people all over
the world. These opportunities will only increase in the coming years and
decades. Therefore, we should educate our youth in science, technology and
other new disciplines from now itself.
I appeal to all, that we listen to the heartbeats of this Young India; that we
understand the dreams of this Young India; that we encourage this Young India
in every way possible; and, that we give proper guidance to this Young India.
Countrymen, today there is a paramount need that we maintain peace in our
society and strengthen the bonds of brotherhood. Development requires peace,
goodwill and mutual cooperation. Those who wish to divide the society on the
basis of religion, caste or community are doing harm to the country.
India is a multi-religious nation. It is against both its nature and culture to
practice discrimination or to do injustice to anybody on the grounds of faith.
We should always care for the minorities and be attentive towards their
Peace talks in the North-Eastern States are yielding positive results. The
hands that took up the gun now wish to participate in the development of their
region. The Government is ready to welcome them.
Friends, it is our responsibility – the responsibility of the Government as
well as of the society – that we provide equal opportunities to our brethren
belonging to the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Backward Classes and
make them partners in the system. To ensure that economic and social justice
fully reaches them is not only our Constitutional duty but also our moral
We have removed the difficulties that had cropped up in the proper
implementation of the policy on reservations. Untouchability in our society is
on the decline. However, we have to completely remove this blot.
We have established a new ministry for the development of Adivasis. We have
also set up a separate Commission for them. For the first time in fifty years,
the list of Scheduled Tribes has been revised and over a hundred new
communities have been added to the list.
Friends, after the experience so far, I have come to the conclusion that there
is an imperative need for greater commitment and accountability in our system
of governance, which has the responsibility of implementing policies and
decisions. There is delay in government offices even for getting the right work
done. Delays breed corruption.
My Government is prepared to fight corruption at all levels. We have decided to
enact the Lok Pal Bill, which had been pending for several decades. In spite of
opposition from some people, I have personally brought the Prime Minister
within the ambit of its investigation, so that you can even book your Prime
Minister if he commits any wrong.
Stringent steps are being taken against economic offenders.
Sisters and brothers, the Government of the National Democratic Alliance has
completed five years. All the previous experiments in running coalition
Governments at the Centre had failed. We have succeeded. Today there is a
tremendous hunger for development among the people. They want such a stable
government which is determined to improve their living conditions and also
capable of doing so.
In our polity today, there is, on the one hand, a growing trend towards wanting
to work together, but, on the other hand, there is also a scenario of disarray.
Our States have governments of different political parties. The Centre has
established cooperative relations with them. Political discrimination on
account of ideological differences is unacceptable to us.
The proposal to reserve 33% seats for women in Parliament and State
Legislatures, as a means of women’s empowerment, has now become a national
resolve. Today, there are over 10 lakh women members in our panchayats and
municipal bodies. I congratulate them for their good work.
However, it is regrettable that it has become difficult to pass the Bill for
Women’s Reservation in its original form because of a lack of consensus in
Now a new proposal has been brought forward that seeks to create 33% double-
member seats, in which one of them is reserved for women. This is a practical
suggestion. All the supporters of women’s reservation should consider it with a
positive outlook. If there is any other suggestion on which a consensus is
possible, the same should be implemented. There should be no further delay in
realizing this goal, for which our sisters have been waiting for a long time.
Dear Countrymen, today the nation is at such a turning point from where it can
take a big leap forward. The yearning to achieve the lofty vision of making
India a Developed Nation by 2020 is gathering strength all over the country.
In just one generation, India can be liberated from the curse of poverty,
unemployment and underdevelopment. This is not a daydream. It can be turned
into reality. Many countries in the world have demonstrated it.
Look behind a little. India has marched forward by overcoming many a formidable
crisis. Today, when the era of resurgence has arrived, why should there be any
doubt in anyone’s mind?
What is needed is only this:
· That all of us move together.
· That all of us move with discipline.
· That we adopt a new work culture.
· That we work with a long-term perspective.
When this ancient and great nation combines talent and hard work, and strives
its utmost in pursuit of a common vision, it will certainly succeed in building
a bright future for itself.
Nearly 40 years ago I had written a poem, from which I would like to present a
few lines to you.
Together, we have to march
Obstacles will come, let them.
Dark clouds of apocalypse will gather, let them.
Even if embers smolder under our feet,
Or flames rain over our heads,
Smilingly, we shall light the fire
With our own hands, and burn,
But together, we have to march.
In laughter or in grief, in hurricanes,
In immortal sacrifices beyond count,
In greens or in ruins,
In insults or in accolades,
In pain, too,
We have to thrive
Heads held high, hearts swelled with pride.
Together, we have to march.
Sisters, brothers and dear children, join me in saluting: