veterans day

Veterans Day is on 11th Nov. 2017

Veterans Day, which is an official holiday of the United States, is the day that commemorates the veterans or the people who have served in armed service. Celebrated annually on the November 11 and Remembrance Day. Thus the day was marked as the end of the hostilities of World War I that occurred at the 11th hour on the 11th day of the 11th month. Therefore, the day is always recognized on November 11th, regardless of the day of the week the 11th falls on.

Keep on scrolling to enhance your knowledge further on the day. Learn more about the history associated, the national ceremony that is observed, the way the day is celebrated around the world and many more. You can also download the Veterans Day themed wallpapers and set them as your desktop illustrations. So what are you waiting for? Start browsing and celebrate the emotions of a true veteran! Happy Veterans Day!



History

When the Treaty of Versailles was signed on June 28th, 1919, in the Palace of Versailles on the outskirts of the town of Versailles, France, the First World War, also known at the time as “The Great War” officially ceased. However, fighting ceased seven months prior to this when a temporary cessation of hostilities or armistice, between Germany and the Allied nations went into effect on the eleventh hour of the eleventh day of the eleventh month. This is the reason, November 11th, 1918, is generally considered as the end of the war which ended all wars.

Salute

President Wilson proclaimed 11th November as the first commemoration of Armistice Day in November 1919 with the following words: "To us in America, the ruminations of Armistice Day will be filled with pensive pride in the heroism of those who fell serving the country and with gratitude of victory, both because of the thing from which it has freed us and because of the chance it has given America to express her sympathy with justice and peace in the councils of the nations…"

The prime concept for the celebration was for a day observed with public meetings and parades and a brief adjournment of business starting at 11:00 a.m.

November 11th 1918 marked the conclusion of the most sanguinary, destructive, and far reaching war in human archives and the resurgence by the people of the United States of peaceful relations with other nations, which we sincerely hope can never be broken again.

However, it is fitting that the iterating anniversary of this date should be commemorated with thanksgiving and exercises and prayer designed to propagate peace through mutual understanding and good will between nations. The legislatures of twenty-seven States have already declared November 11th to be an official holiday Thus it is resolved by the Senate, i.e., the House of Representatives acceding, that the President of the United States is supposed to issue a statement calling upon the officials to put up the flag representing the United States on every Government building on the 11th of November and requiring the people of the United States to observe the day in churches and schools, or other relevant places, with proper ceremonies of friendly relations with all other people.

An Act approved on 13th May, 1938, made the 11th of November in each year an official holiday—a day to be devoted to the cause of world peace and to be henceforth known and celebrated as "Armistice Day." Armistice Day was basically a day set aside to commemorate veterans of the First World War, but after World War II, in 1954, had required the greatest mobilization of sailors, soldiers, airmen and Marines in the Nation’s history; after American forces had battled disruption in Korea, the 83rd Congress, under the plead of the veterans service organizations, officially amended the Act of 1938 by cutting off the word "Armistice" and inserting in its place the word "Veterans." With the acceptance of this legislation (Public Law 380) on 1st June, 1954, 11th November became a day to respect American veterans of all wars.

On the 8th of October, that same year, the first “Veterans Day Proclamation” was issued by President Dwight D. Eisenhower .It stated: "To insure proper and widespread observance of this anniversary, the entire citizenry including all veteran and all the veterans' organizations will desire to join hands in the general purpose. For this reason, I am designating the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs as Chairman of a Veterans Day National Committee, which shall include persons selected by the Chairman, and which will coordinate at the national level necessary planning required for the observance. The heads of all departments and agencies of the Executive branch of the Government are also being requested by me to assist the National Committee in every possible way."

That same day, a letter was sent by President Eisenhower to the Honorable Harvey V. Higley, the Administrator of Veterans' Affairs (VA), in order to designate him as Chairman of the Veterans Day National Committee.

The VA's General Counsel was advised by the White House in 1958 that the designation given in 1954 to the VA Administrator as Chairman of the Veterans Day National Committee applied to all ensuing VA Administrators. Since March 1989 when VA had been elevated to a cabinet level department, the Secretary of Veterans Affairs has diligently served as the committee's chairman.

On June 28, 1968, the Uniform Holiday Bill (Public Law 90-363 (Stat. 250)) was signed in order to ensure three-day weekends for the Federal employees; and due to this they were able to celebrate four national holidays on Mondays: Veterans Day, Columbus Day, Washington's Birthday, and Memorial Day. These extended weekends, it was presumed, would encourage travel, recreational as well as cultural activities and would help to stimulate a greater industrial and commercial production. Many states however did not comply with this decision and continued to celebrate the holidays on the dates they were originally celebrating.

Under the new law, the first Veterans Day was observed amidst much confusion on the 25th of October, 1971. It was quite obvious that the solemnization of this day carried an immense historic and patriotic significance to a considerable number of our citizens, and thus on September 20th, 1975, the Public Law 94-97 (89 Stat. 479), which was duly was signed by President Gerald R. Ford by which the annual observance of Vetera ns Day was resumed to its original date of the 11th of November in the year 1978. This action was in accordance with t he desires of the breathtaking majority of state legislatures, the common people of America and all the major veterans service organizations.

Since then the Veterans Day has been continued to be solemnized on the 11th of November, not taking into consideration which day of the week it falls on. The observance of Veterans Day being restored to the 11th of November, has helped to preserve not only the historical significance of the date, but also to comprehend the importance of the purpose of Veterans Day which is a celebration to honor the veterans of America for the patriotism they have exhibited time and again, their immense love for their country, and the willingness they portrayed to serve and sacrifice for the common good

The Congress passed a resolution, in 1926, after the end of World War I for an annual observance, and since then the 11th of November is considered a national holiday beginning in the year 1938. However Veterans Day should not be under any circumstances confused with Memorial Day-- although it is a common misconception. According to the Department of Veterans Affairs, of the U.S, the American service members who died while serving their country or as after being injured during a battle, are paid tribute to on the Memorial Day (the fourth Monday in May), whereas the Veterans Day pays respect to all the American veterans--whether living or dead-- however the living veterans who have served their country honorably and selflessly during war or peacetime are specially given thanks to.

A lot of Americans inaccurately believe that the Veterans Day is the day America has especially set aside to pay reverence to the military personnel, who perished in the battle or succumbed to wounds inflicted while fighting for the country, although it is untrue. The day set aside to pay homage to the brave hearts who have laid down their lives fighting for their country, America, is the Memorial Day.

In fact, Veterans Day is the occasion where LIVING veterans can be thanked in a large way for the dedicated and loyal service they have put forward for the benefit of our country. So, each year November 11th is the day when the veterans know that they are highly and heartily appreciated for the immense sacrifices they have made in their lives to keep our country happy and free.



Armistice Day

Armistice Day

To commemorate the completion of the "Great War" (World War I), an "unknown soldier" was buried in the highest place of honor in both England and France ( (in England, Westminster Abbey; in France, the Arc de Triomphe). These ceremonies took place on November 11th, celebrating the end of the World War I hostilities at 11 a.m., November 11, 1918 (the 11th hour of the 11th day of the 11th month). This day became known internationally as "Armistice Day".

The United States of America in 1921,followed the footsteps of France and England by laying to rest the remains of an American soldier perished in World War I -- his identity "known but to God" -- on a hillside, overlooking the city of Washington DC and the Potomac River, in Virginia. The tomb highly signifies dignity and reverence for the American veteran, having been placed at the Arlington National Cemetery.

In America, 11th November officially became recognized as Armistice Day through an Act of Congress in 1926. 12 years later, through a similar act, Armistice Day became known officially as a national holiday.

The entire World thought that the First World War was the "War that ended all wars.” The holiday might still be noted as Armistice Day today, if this had been true. That dream was shattered in 1939 when the Second World War broke out in Europe. During that horrendous war, more than 400,000 American service members fell.



Veterans Day

In 1947, Raymond Weeks, of Birmingham Ala., organized a "Veterans Day" parade on 11th November to pay tribute to all of America's veterans for their dedicated and loyal service. A little while after, legislation was introduced by Congressman Edward H. Rees (Kansas) to change the name of Armistice Day to Veterans Day in order to commemorate all veterans who have served the United States in all wars.

President Eisenhower in 1954 signed a bill stating 11th November officially as Veterans Day, and called upon Americans all over to once again dedicate themselves to the cause of peace. He passed a Presidential Order ordering the head of the Veterans Administration, to organize a Veterans Day National Committee to oversee and organize the national observance of Veterans Day.

Congress issued legislation in 1968 to shift Veterans Day to the fourth Monday in October. However, as it became apparent that 11th November was historically significant to many Americans, in 1978, Congress returned the holiday to its traditional date by reversing itself.




Veterans Day National Ceremony

National Day Ceremony

Every 11th November, at exactly 11 am, a color guard, made up of members from each of the military branches, dedicates honors to America's war veterans during a heartwarming ceremony at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.

The President or his representative erects a wreath at the Tomb and a bugler sound Taps. The balance of the ceremony, clubbed with a "Parade of Flags" by numerous veterans’ service organizations, takes place adjacent to the Tomb, inside the Memorial Amphitheater.

In addition to coordinating and planning the National Veterans Day Ceremony, the Veterans Day National Committee assists a number of Veterans Day Regional Sites. These sites carry out Veterans Day celebrations that provide excellent examples for other communities to follow.



Veterans Day Observance

Veterans Day is always recognized on 11th November, notwithstanding the day of the week on which it falls. The Veterans Day National Ceremony is held on Veterans Day itself without fail, even if the holiday falls on a Saturday or Sunday. However, similar to all other official holidays, when it falls on a non-working day, Saturday or Sunday, the federal government employees take the day off on Friday, if the holiday is on a Saturday or Monday, if the holiday is on a Sunday.

Federal government holiday observance (for federal employees, including military) is established by federal law. 5 U.S.C. 6103 establishes the following public holidays for Federal employees: New Year's Day, Birthday of Martin Luther King, Jr., Washington's Birthday (President's Day), Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day, and Christmas Day.

This federal law does not comply with local and state governments. They are free to determine local government closings (including school closings) locally. As a result, there are no legal requirements that schools should be closed on Veterans Day, and many do not. However, most schools organize Veterans Day activities on Veterans Day and throughout the week of the holiday to pay their tributes to American veterans.




Veterans Day Around the World

National Day Ceremony

A lot of other countries honor the veterans of their country on November 11th, each year. However, each country name the holiday in their own way. The way they celebrate this august occasion is also different from the Veterans Day activities in the United States.

Australia, Canada and Great Britain refer to their holidays as "Remembrance Day." Australia and Canada observe the day on 11th November, and Great Britain conducts their ceremonies on the Sunday nearest to 11th November.

In Canada, the observance of "Remembrance Day" is actually very similar to the United States, in that the day is set aside to pay tribute to all of Canada's veterans, both dead and living. One notable difference is that many Canadians don a red poppy flower on 11th November to honor their war veterans, while the "red poppy" tradition is recognized in the United States on Memorial Day.

"Remembrance Day", in Australia, is quite similar to America's Memorial Day, in that it is recognized as a day to pay tribute to the Australian veterans who fell in war.

In Great Britain, the day is solemnized by church services and parades done by ex-service members in Whitehall, a broad ceremonial avenue starting from London's Parliament Square and going towards Trafalgar Square. Wreaths of poppies are placed in a war memorial in Whitehall at the Cenotaph, built after the First World War. Elsewhere in the country and at the Cenotaph, a two-minute silence is observed at 11 a.m., to honor those who fell in the war.

One of the most meaningful and personal Veterans Day activities for people is to send cards or notes to hospitalized veterans or those living in veterans homes. Or, better yet, pay a visit to a veteran in a local veteran’s home or veteran hospital. The best way to have a "happy Veterans Day" is to do something special and make a veteran smile.




Veterans Day Facts

President Eisenhower officially changed the name of the holiday from Armistice Day to Veterans Day In 1954.

The Uniform Holidays Bill was passed in 1968 by Congress, which shifted the celebration of Veterans Day to the fourth Monday in October. The law went into effect in 1971, but President Ford, in 1975, brought back Veterans Day to 11th November, due to the notable historical significance of the date.

France, Britain, Canada and Australia also commemorate the veterans of the First and Second World Wars on or near 11th November. Canada has Remembrance Day, while Britain has Remembrance Sunday. In Europe, Britain and the Commonwealth countries it is not uncommon to observe two minutes of silence at 11 a.m. every 11th November.



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