Labor Day which is annually held on the first Monday of September, was originally organized to celebrate various labor association's strengths and their contributions to the United States economy. However in the recent years the day has largely become a day of rest and relaxation. Continue reading to know more about the day and history associated with the formation of this eventful day. Once done reading the article be sure to forward this page to your near and dear ones by clicking here, so that they can as well learn about the history of Labor Day for many are still unaware about the history associated.
Day, the first Monday in September, is a creation of the
labor movement and is dedicated to the social and economic achievements of American workers. It constitutes a yearly national tribute to the contributions workers have made to the prosperity and well-being of our country.
It was hard times in the days of depression that hit the country in the
1880s. It led to widespread wage cuts and unemployment in the
traditional pattern of the economic cycle. This was when the
of Labor came into being. It was their initiative that Labor Day
turned out to be a civic event with parades and meetings.
The First Labor Day :
Contrary to the present practice the first Labor Day holiday was celebrated on Tuesday, September 5, 1882, in New York City, in accordance with the plans of the Central Labor Union. The Central Labor Union held its second Labor Day holiday just a year later, on September 5, l883.
However, it was in l884 when the first Monday in September came to be selected as the holiday, as originally
proposed. The Central Labor Union urged similar organizations in other cities to follow the example of New York and celebrate a "workingmen's holiday" on that date. The idea spread with the growth of labor organizations, and in l885 Labor Day was celebrated in many industrial centers of the country.
The founder :
There is a difference of opinion regarding the original founder of the
day. Two views, both backed by documentary evidence, are
Some records show that Peter J. McGuire, general secretary of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners and a co-founder of the American Federation of Labor, was
the first in suggesting a day to honor those "who from rude nature have delved and carved all the grandeur we behold."
But Peter McGuire's place in Labor Day history has not gone unchallenged. Many believe that Matthew Maguire, a machinist, not Peter McGuire, founded the holiday. Recent research seems to support the contention that Matthew Maguire, later the secretary of Local 344 of the International Association of Machinists in Paterson, N.J., proposed the holiday in 1882 while serving as secretary of the Central Labor Union in New York.
Irrespective of the dispute over the name of
the initiator it is clear that the Labor Day proposal was initiated in
the United States by the
Knights of Labor. Accordingly a committee was formed to plan a
demonstration and picnic. In 1882 the Knights of Labor held a large
parade in New York City. In 1884 the group held a parade on the first
Monday of September and passed a resolution to hold all future parades
on that day and to designate the day as Labor Day.
However the state recognition of the day was yet to come.
The recognition :
Through the years the nation gave increasing emphasis to Labor Day. The first governmental recognition came through municipal ordinances passed during 1885 and 1886. From them developed the movement to secure state legislation. The first state bill was introduced into the New York legislature, but the first to become law was passed by Oregon on February 2l, l887. During the year four more states -- Colorado, Massachusetts, New Jersey, and New York -- created the Labor Day holiday by legislative enactment. By the end of the decade Connecticut, Nebraska, and Pennsylvania had followed suit. By 1894, 23 other states had adopted the holiday in honor of workers, and on June 28 of that year, Congress passed an act making the first Monday in September of each year a legal holiday in the District of Columbia and the territories.
National Labor Day was born off the labor
movement during the late 19th century. The Day is a milestone in the
American labor movement.
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