According to the Chinese lunar calendar, the 27th day or 28th day of the 12th month, both urban and rural areas, each household must select a red couplets affixed to the door in order to increase the festive atmosphere. And now the last day of the 12th month or on New Year's Eve, everyone in China is wathcing Spring Festival gala by CCTV.
The Story: Spring Festival couplets, also known as spring couplets, door couplets, and antithetical couplets, give off a happy and joyful atmosphere to the festival. Many households choose a pair of red Spring Festival couplets and place them on both sides of the front door. Before the Qin and Han Dynasty, the Chinese people would place charms made from peach wood on both sides of the front door before New Year’s Day. Peach wood charms are boards with the characters Shentu and Yulei written on each piece. According to legend, Shentu and Yulei are the names of ghost-hunting gods, so people used their names to scare away ghosts and evil spirits. This custom existed for more than a millennium until the Five Dynasties, when the gods' names in the peach wood boards were replaced with antithetical sentences. During the Ming Dynasty, Zhu Yuanzhang, the first emperor of the Ming Dynasty encouraged people to use antithetical couplets. After he established the capital in Jinling, he commanded all of his ministers, officials, and commoners to place antithetical couplets on their front doors before New Year’s Eve. In a discreet manner, Emperor Zhu went into town and inspected the couplets on the front doors. From then on, the custom of using Spring Festival couplets was formed.
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