Vesak is the day the Buddhists regard as the
most important one in their religious calendar. While the Theravadas call it
by the name of Vesak, it has got different names, depending on the
places where it is observed. For instance, in India, the land of Buddha, the
Day is more familiar as the Buddha Poornima, the full moon of Buddha. It is
called sa-ga zla-ba by the Tibetan sect and Vishakha Pujain
in Sri Lanka.
So called, because the auspicious day falls on the full moon day. On the full moon day
of Vaishakha, the lunar month that corresponds the month of April-May. The
Day Commemorates the birth,
enlightenment and death of the Buddha. So, the Buddhists consider the day to
be more auspicious than any other day of
In fact, it was on this day that Buddha's birth,
enlightenment and death, or, entrance into final Nirvana, all
happened to have taken place.And there is more.
According to Buddhist legend, his wife Yashodhara, his first disciple Ananda,
his charioteer Channa, and the horse Kantaka on which he renounced his
kingdom to 'find some answers to life', were all born on this sacred day. Even, the
tree, called Bodhi tree, under which he attained nirvana was also believed to have been created
on this day. And it was on this day Buddha chose to preach his first sermon
at Varanasi, or, Benaras, in India.
However, not all Buddhists commemorate
the three events on this day. Though the events are commemorated by all.
It is only in the Theravada countries, the three events are all observed
together on Vesak, the full moon day of the sixth lunar month Vesakha. This
falls in the month of April-May.